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现代英语语法教材的重点与难点归纳

现代英语语法教材的重点与难点归纳
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现代英语语法教材的重点与难点归纳

Chapter 1 The Structure of the English Sentence (第一章 绪 论 )

本章节在 2001-2008年的考试中只考过一次(列举至少 5种构词法并举例说明)

一、 难点、重点

1. Present the grammatical units that form a hierarchical order.

(指出构成层次结构的语法单位 .)

2. Morphemes 词素

(Terms: morpheme, morph, allomorph, free morpheme and bound morpheme)

什么是词素 (morpheme)?

3.Finite clauses and infinite clauses (限定性分句与非限定性分句 , 定义参见下面的简答题部分 ) Finite Clauses

(1)名词性分句:What he said was incredible.

(2)关系分句 This is one of the best books I’ ve ever read.

(3)状语分句 If I were in your shoes, I wouldn’ t quit.

Non-finite clauses:

(1) 非限定性名词性分句:She didn’ t know what to say.

(2)非限定性关系分句:The man standing by the window is her brother.

(3) 非限定性状语分句:Published ten years ago, this is still the best dictionary.

二、重要概念

1. morpheme

2. Define the complex sentence

The complex sentence is a sentence that contains more than one clause that are joined together by subordinating one to another. [复杂句是用从属连词 (如 if, when, though等 ) 连接的一个以上分 句的句子 .]

三、典型考题

I. 选择题

1. There are ( ) morphemes in “gunfighter”.

A. two B. three C. four D. one

2. In “He downed his beer and punched me on the nose.” “downed” belongs to ( ) . (P13) A. backformation B. clipping C. conversion D. blending

3. Suffixes basically change ( ) .

A. word meaning B. word class C. nothing D. word formation

4. The prefix “uni -” means ( ) .

A. without B. self C. false D. one

Key: 1. B 2. C 3. B 4. D

II. 简答题

1. In terms of which three factors are words classified?

The three factors are: the environment where words occur, their internal structure and their meaning.

2. Define the finite clauses and the non-finite clauses.

The finite clauses are the ones that have subjects and finite verbs as predicates . The non-finite clauses are the ones that leave subjects unsaid and verbs in non-finite forms . (限定分句是主语加限定动词作谓语的分句。非限定分句是省略主语而动词以非限定 形式出现 (主语省略是因为其前面或

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