1. text v. 发送短信(文字讯息)[新词义]
2. tap on vt. 在……上轻敲,轻拍
3. knock up v.(使)筋疲力尽,(使)累垮
4. label vt. 贴标签于,指……为,分类,标注
5. deprivation n. 剥夺动词为deprive vt. 剥夺,使丧失
6. be equivalent to 相等(当) 于……,等(同)于,与……等效
7. commission vt. 委任,任命,委托,委托制作;n. 委任,委托,代办(权),代理(权),犯(罪),佣金
8. attribute to v. 归因于
9. cope with v. 与……竞争,应付
10. while conj. 虽然,尽管例句:While the grandparents love the children,they are strict
with them. 虽然祖父母们都爱他们的孩子,但却对他们要求严格。
11. dissenting adj.(=dissentient)不同意的
12. poll v. 投票,获得选票,选举中获得
13. face-to-face adv. 面对面地
14. unchecked adj. 未受制止的,未经检查的,未加抑制的
15. appropriate adj. 适当的
Text 2 使用不健康网络可能有损心理健康
Internet use appears to cause a decline in psychological well-being, according to research at Carnegie Mellon University. Even people who spent just a few hours a week on the Internet experienced more depression and loneliness than those who logged on less frequently, the two-year study showed. And it wasn't that people who were already feeling bad spent more time on the Internet, but that using the Net actually appeared to cause the bad feelings.
Researchers are puzzling over the results, which were completely contrary to their expectations. They expected that the Net would prove socially healthier than television, since the Net allows users to choose their information and to communicate with others.
The fact that Internet use reduces time available for family and friends may account for the drop in well-being, researchers hypothesized. Faceless, bodiless virtual communication may be less psychologically satisfying than actual conversation, and the relationships formed through it may be shallower. Another possibility is that exposure to the wider world via the Net makes users less satisfied with their lives.
But it's important to remember this is not about the technology; it's about how it is used, says psychologist Christine Riley of Intel, one of the study's sponsors. It really points to the need for considering social factors in terms of how you design applications and services for technology.