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学术综合英语unit1-5课后习题答案

学术综合英语unit1-5课后习题答案
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Unit 1

Task 2 A contrary to implicit assertion look up adapted

Sustain unbiased In the course of metaphor clutter

B bolster credible impromptu sparingly anecdote

Credentials testimony hypothetical paraphrase juxtaposition

Task 3 Translation

B.发言提纲是有效发言的基础。通过写发言提纲,你可以确保你的思想是相关联的,你的思路从一点谈到另一点,你的讲话结构是连贯的。通常,准备讲演你可以采用两种提纲方式:详细准备提纲和简单发言提纲。

在准备发言提纲中,应该写出你的特定目的及中心思想,并以连贯的方式确定主要观点和次要观点,发言提纲应该由简要的提要组成,这些提要在你讲话时能够给予你一些帮助。发言提纲还应该包括帮助你记忆的重点词或重点短语。在写发言提纲时,可采用准备提纲的模式,尽可能使你的发言提纲简要,同时,要确保提纲清晰,易于辨认。

C. 1. The younger generation should continue to sustain and develop our fine traditions and long-standing culture.

2. In the course of preparing one’s speech, one should be clearly aware of how one could make effective use of statistics and examples to bolster

one’s point of view.

3. An impromptu speech is one of the speaking skills that college students should learn and develop through practice.

4. By using simile and metaphor, you can make your language more vivid and more attractive to your audience.

5. The proper examples you cite might help reinforce the impression on your listeners and make your viewpoints more convincing.

6. When you are speaking, you should choose common and easy words and at the same time avoid clutter in you speech.

7. When you write a paper, citing the views from some experts is a good way to make your ideas more credible.

8. A good method of delivering a speech will improve its quality and will help convey the speakers’ ideas clearly and interestingly.

9. You should mot blindly use a word that you are not sure about, and if you are not sure, look up the word in a dictionary.

10. Your language should adapt to the particular occasion and audience. If your language is appropriate in all respects, your speech is successful.

D. Before you deliver an academic speech, you should, first of all, get well prepared for it. Then, you should make your major points clear in your speech, and your speech should be well organized. When speaking, you should not speak too fast, and your language should be explicit. Don’t always read the notes you prepared beforehand. From time to time, you should look at your audience. On one hand, you can show your respect to your audience, and on the other hand, you will be able to go on with your speech more smoothly.

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