Task 2 A contrary to implicit assertion look up adapted
Sustain unbiased In the course of metaphor clutter
B bolster credible impromptu sparingly anecdote
Credentials testimony hypothetical paraphrase juxtaposition
Task 3 Translation
C. 1. The younger generation should continue to sustain and develop our fine traditions and long-standing culture.
2. In the course of preparing one’s speech, one should be clearly aware of how one could make effective use of statistics and examples to bolster
one’s point of view.
3. An impromptu speech is one of the speaking skills that college students should learn and develop through practice.
4. By using simile and metaphor, you can make your language more vivid and more attractive to your audience.
5. The proper examples you cite might help reinforce the impression on your listeners and make your viewpoints more convincing.
6. When you are speaking, you should choose common and easy words and at the same time avoid clutter in you speech.
7. When you write a paper, citing the views from some experts is a good way to make your ideas more credible.
8. A good method of delivering a speech will improve its quality and will help convey the speakers’ ideas clearly and interestingly.
9. You should mot blindly use a word that you are not sure about, and if you are not sure, look up the word in a dictionary.
10. Your language should adapt to the particular occasion and audience. If your language is appropriate in all respects, your speech is successful.
D. Before you deliver an academic speech, you should, first of all, get well prepared for it. Then, you should make your major points clear in your speech, and your speech should be well organized. When speaking, you should not speak too fast, and your language should be explicit. Don’t always read the notes you prepared beforehand. From time to time, you should look at your audience. On one hand, you can show your respect to your audience, and on the other hand, you will be able to go on with your speech more smoothly.