To big city dwellers, small towns always seem fascinating, in the year of 2006, China ’s CCTV (China?s largest national TV network) chose ten small towns as “ the most charming towns in china ” from more than a hundred candidates. The towns were selected on the merits of their natural scenery, cultural heritage, local folk customs, and economic vigor. Each of them is notable for something unique. we are going to take a closer look. And the only winner in yunnan, is just the destination on our today’s itenarary , the heshun town. with beautiful scenery and abundant cultural traditions, the town is China's earliest border trade town. A favorite of film directors, photographers, and painters,Well, you may wonder , Does the town deserve this honorable title? Seeing is believing, today, let’s go to find out!
Heshun, Used to be called “ yangwendun village ” ,but it was renamed heshun ,means “ along the river ” ,because geograghcally, a river named sanhe flows by the town from east to west. Later some local men of letters adopt some words from a vers to name the town “ harmonius and peaceful” : (the rising cloud herald auspicious future and the gentle breeze brings peace and harmony. ) So the name of heshun actually express local people’ s wishes for a happy life.
For many years, the southern silk route has connected China with southeast Asia, south asia and Europe. Tengchong was a vital comunications center of this route, Located on this route, Heshun enjoyed many conviniece for business, so it was a comman practice that men shoud go abroad to make a fortune.From the Ming Dynasty, a growing number of Heshun people went to burma to trade and seek a livelihood.in the early 20th century ,more people went to Japan, Europe,America for a living or for further study. So now the overseas chinese from Heshun are distributed in more than 10 countries,numbering more than 10,000 people.yet the total population of the Heshun town is only 6000. that ’ s why Heshun is known as a famous hometown of overseas chinese.
ok here we are just at the entrance to the town,we are actually tralve back to the old time, At the entrance to the town, is a splendid memorial archway (born out of arched door, a typical Chinese ornamental architectural form,enjoys a particular position in the traditional Chinese culture.) with four chinese characters (meaning heshun enjioy harmonny and peace). The two arch stone bridges are called double rainbow bridges. local people often come here for an outing in spring and for appreciate the moon in autumn..
The pavilion in the lotus pond called yuzhou pavilion. It was built in memory of Cun shusheng ,firdt principle of yuquan middle school in heshun and then the vice-president of yunnan university.which indicates that the local people attach great importance to educati on and show great respect for teachers. In the pavilion, there is a tablet inscribed with the pavilllion name by chu tunan former vice-president of the standing committee of national people ’ s congress.
Nor far away from the bridge is what Heshun locals are probably most proud of ,also the highlight of today’ s tour. that is the Heshun library, the earlist and largest rural library in China. It is a long story, in the late Qing Dynasty, in heshun there arose a progressive orgnization called “ xianxinshe ” ,which aimed to populizing new ideas and new culturesl1n 1924,some heshun overseas chinese to Myanmar orgnized “ chougxin league” and established a reading league. In 1928,with the joint efforts of the overseas chinese and the native,the reading league was developed into a library,the site for xianxinshe was chosen as the site for library. Many overseas chinese donate a lot of equipment and books to the libraryl. In 1938 with the growth